Take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life—Luke 21:34. 

What a work we realize to be before us, and what necessity for sobriety, vigilance, steadfastness! It is a life work, a life battle against a mighty foe entrenched in our flesh. The powers without are strong indeed, but the civil war within is by far the most to be dreaded. If we become in any measure intoxicated with the spirit of the world; if we give way to self-gratification, love of ease, pleasure, a little indulgence of any of the old disposition of envy, malice, pride, vainglory, vaunting of self, headiness, high-mindedness, wrath, strife, or any such thing—even a little, oh, how great is the peril to which we are exposed!—Z '95, 201 (R 1859). 

The influence of the world, the flesh and the Adversary tends to fill us with surfeiting and drunkenness and the cares of this life. The attitude of watchfulness is necessary, if such an overcharging is to be prevented. Let us therefore be wakeful, alert, incredulous and studious as to ourselves, our thoughts, motives, words, acts, surroundings and the influences operating upon us, to avoid being overcharged. The overcharged one will surely fail of gaining the reward that is for the diligent and faithful only—P '35, 101. 

Parallel passages: Rom. 13:11, 13; 1 Thes. 5:6-8; 1 Pet. 4:7; 5:8, 9; Matt. 13:12-15, 22; 25:13; 26:41; Luke 8:14; 1 Cor. 16:13; Rev. 3:2, 3; 16:15; Luke 12:40. 

Hymns: 183, 184, 130, 136, 13, 20, 78. 

Poems of Dawn, 18: The Nominal Church. 

Tower Reading: Z '12, 211 (R 5055). 

Questions: What have been this week's experiences connected with this text? How were they met? What helped or hindered therein? In what did they result? 


THE Church and the World walked far apart 

On the changing shores of time; 

The World was singing a giddy song, 

And the Church a hymn sublime. 

"Come, give me your hand," said the merry World, 

"And walk with me this way; 

But the good Church hid her snowy hands 

And solemnly answered, "Nay, 

I will not give you my hand at all, 

And I will not walk with you; 

Your way is the way that leads to death; 

To my Lord I must be true." 

"Nay, walk with me but a little space," 

Said the World, with a kindly air, 

"The road I walk is a pleasant road, 

And the sun shines always there; 

Your path is thorny and rough and rude, 

But mine is broad and plain; 

My way is paved with flowers and dews, 

And yours with tears and pain; 

The sky to me is always blue, 

No want, no toil I know; 

The sky above you is always dark, 

Your lot is a lot of woe; 

The way you walk is a narrow way, 

But mine is amply wide; 

There's room enough for you and me 

To travel side by side." 

Half shyly the Church approached the World 

And gave him her hand of snow; 

And the old World clasped it and walked along, 

Saying in accents low, 

"Your dress is too simple to please my taste, 

I will give you pearls to wear, 

Rich velvets and silks for your graceful form, 

And diamonds to deck your hair." 

The Church looked down at her plain white robes 

And then at the dazzling World, 

And blushed as she saw his handsome lip 

With a smile contemptuous curled. 

"I will change my dress for a costlier one," 

Said the Church with a smile of grace; 

Then her pure, white garments drifted away, 

And the World gave, in their place, 

Beautiful satins and shining silks, 

Roses and gems and pearls; 

While over her forehead her bright hair fell 

Crimpled in a thousand curls. 

"Your house is too plain," said the proud old World, 

"I'll build you one like mine; 

Carpets of Brussels and curtains of lace, 

And furniture ever so fine." 

So he built her a costly and beautiful house, 

Most splendid it was to behold; 

Her sons and her beautiful daughters dwelt there, 

Gleaming in purple and gold; 

Rich fairs and shows in the halls were held, 

And the World and his children were there; 

Laughter and music and feasting were heard 

In the place that was meant for prayer. 

There were cushioned pews for the rich and gay, 

To sit in their pomp and pride; 

While the poor, who were clad in shabby array, 

But seldom came inside. 

"You give too much to the poor," said the World, 

"Far more than you ought to do; 

If they are in need of shelter and food, 

Why need it trouble you? 

Go, take your money, and buy rich robes, 

Buy horses and carriages fine, 

Buy pearls and jewels and dainty food, 

Buy the rarest and costliest wine; 

My children dote on all these things, 

And if you their love would win, 

You must do as they do, and walk in the ways 

That they are walking in." 

Then the Church held fast the strings of her purse, 

And modestly lowered her head, 

And simpered, "No doubt you are right, sir; 

Henceforth I will do as you've said." 

Then the sons of the World and the sons of the Church 

Walked closely, hand and heart, 

And only the Master, who knoweth all, 

Could tell the two apart. 

Then the Church sat down at her ease and said, 

"I am rich and my goods are increased; 

I have need of nothing, nor aught to do, 

But to laugh, and dance, and feast." 

The sly World heard, and he laughed in his sleeve, 

And mockingly said aside, 

"The Church is fallen, the beautiful Church, 

And her shame is her boast and pride." 

The angel drew near to the mercy-seat, 

And whispered in sighs her name, 

Then the loud anthems of rapture were hushed, 

And heads were covered with shame. 

And a voice was heard at last by the Church 

From Him who sat on the Throne, 

"I know thy works, and how thou hast said, 

'I am rich'; and hast not known 

That thou art naked, poor and blind, 

And wretched before My face; 

Therefore, from My presence, I cast thee out, 

And blot thy name from its place." 


DURING THE GOSPEL AGE there has been but one condition upon which any may come to the Father. The Lord does not propose many ways, but only one way. "Strait is the gate and narrow is the way that leadeth unto life"—now. But when the Kingdom comes there will be a highway, a more favorable, an easier way, as the Lord states through the Prophet Isaiah. In it there will be no stumbling-stones; it will not be narrow and difficult, but comparatively easy; and throughout Messiah's reign of a thousand years, it will be the way by which the Adamic race may return to God. During that reign the whole world will be assisted, succored and disciplined, that they may be encouraged to go to the very end of the way. 

In the present time, the only way is dark, narrow, difficult; the light has not yet begun to shine for the world. The Scriptures represent the Church of Christ in this Gospel Age as saying, "Thy Word is a lamp unto my feet." In olden times men had little lanterns which they attached to the toes of their sandals, and as they walked each step would be in the light. So the Lord has been dealing with the Church during the Gospel Age. The narrow way has been dark; but we have had the "sure word of prophecy," which, as a lamp, shines on the pathway and will shine "more and more unto the perfect day." 

When that day comes men will not need the lamp; for then there will be sunlight. Then the knowledge of God will fill the whole earth. 


One of the narrowing features of this way is that at the present time no one is accepted of God unless he makes a definite covenant with God. If he does not choose to make that covenant he may think he is a Christian, but he is not. In the world today four hundred million people are counted as Christians. Many have the idea that if they join the Church or do some good deed, they thus become followers of Christ. But the Bible very plainly states: "If any man will come after Me, let him deny himself, take up his cross, and follow Me." (Matt. 16:24.) This self-denial and cross-bearing is the sacrifice necessary to discipleship in Christ at the present time. 

Many people are not Christians because they have not entered into a covenant with God. The Lord speaks of the class now called to discipleship, saying, "Gather My saints together unto Me; those that have made a covenant with Me by sacrifice"—by a complete consecration of themselves; "Present your bodies living sacrifices, holy and acceptable unto God, your reasonable service." (Psa. 50:5; Rom. 12:1.) If we have been accepted in Christ, if we have been begotten of the Holy Spirit, it is because we have entered at this strait gate and upon this narrow way, and have made this covenant of sacrifice to the Lord, giving our wills and all earthly rights to Him, that His will may be done in us. 

After having entered this strait gate and narrow way, we should continue therein—not necessarily without stumbling, not necessarily without making mistakes; if we can go on ever so falteringly, to the best of our ability and with hearts loyal to the Lord, we shall be granted to sit on His throne—members of His Bride class. 


As we are all aware the Bible shows that some who make this consecration, afterward become involved with the world, the cares of this life, and the deceitfulness of riches. These fail to carry out their agreement. Thus they are holding back the very price necessary to make them joint-heirs with our Lord. Whoever rejects the cross will not get the crown. How many people are overcharged with the cares of this life! How many people are being deluded by the deceitfulness of riches! 

There was a gentleman with whom the writer was once very intimate; we were like brothers. One day he said, "Brother Russell, I should like very much indeed to be out in the Lord's work and to do some kind of service for the Truth, but I have a wife, and I understand that the Lord holds me responsible for the care of my wife. I could not think of going out and leaving her dependent. But if the Lord in His providence should ever send me money so that I could go without my wife's suffering any serious inconvenience, I would be very glad to go out and preach the Gospel." The Lord took him at his word. He was then a bookkeeper; but the Lord opened the way, by the death of a member of the firm, for him to become one of the principal partners in that firm. Without any effort at all he prospered financially until he was worth at least half a million dollars. 

One day we said to him, "Brother, we have a very serious matter that weighs on us a great deal." He said, "Tell me what it is and I will assist you, whatever it costs." You see how gracious he was! He thought that we were after his money! Dear friends, we thank God that we have never yet found it necessary to ask for money; and we do not suppose that we ever shall. We said, "Brother, we are in great distress, and no one but you can help us." "Tell me what it is," he replied. We said, "Dear Brother, we desire to call your attention to something which you said several years ago when you were poor." Then we recited our previous conversation as best we could, and said, "The Lord has given you the money; He has done His part; are you ready to do yours?" With streaming eyes he answered, "Brother Russell, I am so bound to my business—hand and foot—that it would be impossible now." The cares of this life, the deceitfulness of riches, according to his own words, had bound him hand and foot; but his heart was still loyal to God. 

We have no desire to be his judge, but we are inclined to think that dear brother did not get into the Kingdom. While we do not know, yet we fear that his being bound "hand and foot" may have stood in his way, though we think that he was truly a child of God. 

Are we to suppose that because he failed to make that sacrifice which he had agreed to make, he would go down into the Second Death? We hardly think so. We think that the Lord loved him and that he had a very loyal character. The Lord loves good characters. Our thought is that quite probably the dear brother will be in the Great Company; and we are very glad that there will be a Great Company class. 


No one will get into the Little Flock class but those who faithfully lay down their lives in sacrifice to the end of the journey. God foreknew and predestinated that all who are of that class must be copies of His dear Son. If one is not a full copy of our Lord Jesus, if one has not left all to follow Him, then that one will not be of the Bride class. 

The Scriptures mention two classes—the one as a Little Flock and the other as a Great Company—both parts of the "Church of the First-borns." In the type the priests were members of the tribe of Levi; but there were others of that tribe who were not priests. The Levites as a whole represent, we understand, the Church of the First-born ones who will attain the spirit plane of being, but who will form two classes, a "Little Flock" or priest class, and a "Great Company" or Levite class. 

The voluntary sacrificing of the flesh is for one to give himself of his own free will to the Lord and to submit himself to the Lord Jesus as the great High Priest to carry out for him the work of sacrifice. What of those who make this arrangement and then fail to make the sacrifice? Their earthly life is consecrated; God has given them the Holy Spirit of adoption, and has accepted the arrangement whereby they gave up all their earthly rights. Such can never get the world's salvation. They voluntarily gave up all right to life on the human plane. When God gave them the Holy Spirit, He accepted the contract, binding on both sides. They will get the heavenly nature or nothing. 


Those who do not go on to give themselves fully in sacrifice are delivered over to the Adversary to buffet them until their flesh shall be destroyed—until these earthly, clinging tendencies which were holding them from full loyalty to God are broken down and their minds become fully submissive and in harmony with God. That which they refused to give voluntarily will be taken away from them. 

The only knowledge we have of this matter is from the Apostle's words. St. Paul, addressing the Church at Corinth, said that they had amongst them a brother who was not living according to his covenant, but who was living in a measure of sin. The Apostle reprimanded the Church for not having done their duty by the brother. Then said he, "I verily, as absent in body, but present in spirit, have judged already, as though I were present, concerning him that hath so done this deed … to deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus." (I Cor. 5:3, 5.) If the flesh is not destroyed, the spirit will not be saved, is the Apostle's argument.

This statement gives us an inkling of the Lord's will. In every case it is necessary that the flesh be destroyed. If the will is overcome by the flesh, the result will be the death of the will also; that is, the Second Death. But if the will desires to be in harmony with the Lord, then, although the enforced destruction of the flesh is not sacrifice, and such are not counted in with the sacrificers, yet they are saved "so as by fire" on the spirit plane, in the day of the Lord Jesus.—I Cor. 3:15. 

Regarding the case that we have mentioned earlier in this article you might ask, Did that Brother lose the knowledge of the Truth? We will tell you; for this is a very interesting question. 

In this Brother's case we do not know what were the sentiments of his heart, of course, for we are not able to judge those. But he left us and joined the Presbyterian Church. Then he joined the Christian Alliance people and tried to believe in faith-healing and to practice it, although he had possessed much knowledge of the Truth along these lines. After pressing along the line of faith-healing, etc., he had several attacks of sickness and had to call in a doctor, notwithstanding faith-cures. Finally, after very serious illness lasting a number of weeks, he passed away. We do not know enough about him to say to what extent his mind was turned toward the Lord. We had no opportunity of knowing; for his attitude had more or less cut us off from our previous intimate fellowship. 

Another case was called to our attention by a brother who asked us this very question—"Do you think this to be a case of what we might call 'the destruction of the flesh'?" It seemed to us that it was such a case. We cite it: 

A brother living in a certain city received the Truth and rejoiced in it greatly. He found another brother, with whom he liked to meet and talk about the glad message. He seemed to show the right spirit, just ready for the Truth, and it was satisfying to his heart. But his wife was very indignant. She opposed him saying, "Choose between your religion and me; you cannot have both." She put the matter very squarely before him; and he chose his wife. It was only a little while afterwards, as the story came to us, that apparently the Lord put the poor brother where he was very sorry for his choice. He contracted some kind of loathsome disease, and in the midst of his terrible suffering his wife deserted him. 

We hope that the Lord did not desert him and that eventually he was forgiven by the Lord; for it looked as if the Lord had taken that brother at his own proposition; that he was really a child of God, but not of the overcoming class. He loved his wife more than the Lord and was not worthy to be a member of the Bride class. So apparently he suffered such entire destruction of the flesh as he probably never expected to know. He must have loved his wife a great deal to give the Lord up for her. 

Yet she deserted him at a time of great need! Even from the standpoint of the world it would seem wrong for a wife to leave her husband under those conditions. We may readily suppose that the brother came back to the Lord at the closing hours, learning his lesson well, and perhaps making certain promises to the Lord. If so we doubt not that his spirit will be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.